By From staff reports, Daily Breeze
An 18th-century missionary who brought Catholicism to the American West Coast was elevated to sainthood Wednesday by Pope Francis, prompting Catholics, children and Native Americans to reflect on a history that touches much of Southern California — from the missions of San Fernando and San Gabriel to the Inland Empire.
In the first canonization on U.S. soil, Francis made Junipero Serra a saint during a Mass outside the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception, the largest Catholic church in North America.
Serra was a Franciscan friar who marched north from Baja California with conquistadors from his native Spain, establishing nine of the 21 missions in what is now California.
Those missions include the San Bernardino Mission and the San Gabriel Mission.
When the pope announced in January that Serra would be canonized, the decision was polarizing. Serra is revered by Catholics for his missionary work, but many Native Americans in California say he enslaved converts and contributed to the spread of disease that wiped out indigenous populations.
In his homily, Francis defended Serra, characterizing him as a kind and open-hearted man who protected Native Americans from colonizers.
“He was excited about blazing trails, going forth to meet many people, learning and valuing their particular customs and ways of life,” Francis said. “Junipero sought to defend the dignity of the native community, to protect it from those who had mistreated and abused it. Mistreatment and wrongs which today still trouble us, especially because of the hurt which they cause in the lives of many people.”
During a visit to South America in July, Francis offered a broad apology for the sins, offenses and crimes committed by the church against indigenous peoples.
On Wednesday, the Rev. Tony Diaz, pastor of the San Gabriel Mission — founded by Serra in 1771 near Montebello — was mindful of that suffering.
On one hand, he said, people have to acknowledge the pain that native people endured.
And yet, the canonization was also a chance to remember the way Serra and other missionaries lived, he added.
“For me, as pastor of one of the missions, the canonization is a reminder of the heroism and love with which Serra and other missionaries lived their lives,” he said. “It means that in spite of their shortcomings, God still used (missionaries) as instruments of God’s presence.”
And ultimately, their presence, along with many cultures, helped build California’s heritage, he added.
Many Latinos in the U.S. view the canonization of a Spanish-speaking missionary as a badly needed acknowledgment of the Hispanic history of the American church, and as an affirmation of Latinos as a core part of the U.S. Catholic future. Latinos make up about 38 percent of U.S. Catholics, but are well above the majority in several dioceses. The Archdiocese of Los Angeles, the largest U.S. diocese, is about 70 percent Latino.
Francis spoke in his native Spanish. Vice President Joe Biden also sat in the congregation. Before the Mass, the pope entered the basilica to raucous cheers and applause from more than 2,000 men and women studying to become priests and nuns.
The Diocese of San Bernardino’s Bishop Gerald Barnes, who is on the East Coast for the pope’s visit, tweeted: “Today, we also celebrated with Pope Francis the Canonization of Fr. Junipero Serra — a proud moment for us as Catholics and as Californians!”
Joe Moyhanan, 28, of Portsmouth, New Hampshire, who is studying for the priesthood at St. John’s Seminary in Boston, said bearing witness to the first canonization on U.S. soil was inspiring and showed what could be accomplished during a life devoted to Christ.
“God wants all of us to be saints,” Moyhanan said. “It’s attainable.”
Children tuned in, too.
Locally, from L.A. to the Inland Empire, they gathered in front of screens to watch the event.
As she and her classmates sat, eyes glued to a screen, at Resurrection Academy in Fontana, Angela Del Mundo, 10, said Serra was great because he started religion in California.
Tyler Suttles, 10, said she thought it was an amazing event.
And hundreds of faithful gathered at the historic mission in Carmel-by-the-Sea, California, where Serra is buried, to watch the Mass on a giant TV screen and pray. At the same time, about a dozen Native Americans gathered in a small, aging mission cemetery inside the grounds to worship their ancestors in a silent protest of the canonization.
Louise Miranda Ramirez, Tribal Chairwoman from the Esselen Nation, said her ancestors were abused by the Franciscan missionaries and trapped in the mission system.
“These are my ancestors that were whipped. These are my ancestors that were killed, that were hung and they’re our tribal people,” she said. “Once they had baptized them, they could not leave this ground.”
The Associated Press and Los Angeles News Group staff writers Claudia Palma and Michel Nolan contributed to this report.
This article has been updated from an earlier version to correct Tony Diaz’s name.